## NDA Foundation Course Syllabus

NDA Foundation preparation begins at early stage from class 11 onwards. The NDA Foundation course syllabus entirely based on class 12th syllabus as per respective board in addition with NDA regular syllabus. NDA Foundation course seeks golden opportunity for candidates to prepare for12th board exams as well as for the NDA exams. The NDA Foundation course syllabus encompasses maths, science,English subjects that arenotnew for the 12th students. NDA Foundation course syllabus provides basic structural preparation at initial stage for your career from class 11 onwards.

## NDA Foundation Exam Subjects:

Paper 1

Mathematics

Paper 2

GTA

 Part A English Part B PhysicsChemistryGeneral ScienceFreedom MovementsCurrent Events

NDA Foundation course syllabus covering complete subject- wise topics in detail for Paper 1 and Paper 2.

### Paper 1 – Mathematics

1. Algebra

Concept of set, Operations on sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, Relation, Equivalence relation. Representation of real numbers on a line, Complex numbers— basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity, Binary system of numbers, Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa

Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions, Quadratic equations with real coefficients, Solution of linear in equations of two variables by graphs, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem and its applications, Logarithms and their applications

1. Matrices and Determinants

Types of matrices, Operations on matrices, Determinant of a matrix, Basic properties of determinants

Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications- Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.

1. Trigonometry

Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians, Trigonometrical ratios, Trigonometric identities, Sum and difference formulae

Multiple and Sub-multiple angles, Inverse trigonometric functions, Applications-Height anddistance, properties of triangles

1. Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions

Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system, Distance formula, Equation of a line in various forms, Angle between two lines, Distance of a point from a line, Equation of a circle in standard and in general form, Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola, Eccentricity and axis of a conic.

Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points, Direction Cosines and direction ratios, Equation two points, Direction Cosines and direction ratios, Equation of a plane and a line in various forms, Angle between two lines and angle between two planes, Equation of a sphere.

1. Differential Calculus

Concept of a real valued function–domain, range and graph of a function, Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions, Notion of limit, Standard limits—examples. Continuity of functions— examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions, Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative—applications

Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima

1. Integral Calculus and Differential Equations

Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions, Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications.

Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various  types—examples, Application in problems of growth and decay.

1. Vector Algebra

Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector, Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors.

Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.

1. Statistics and Probability

Statistics : Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution—examples. Graphical representation— Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon— examples. Measures of Central tendency—Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation— determination and comparison. Correlation and regression.

Probability : Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical— examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.

### Paper 2 – GTA

Part A: English

Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.

Part B: Section A – Physics

Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.

Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy.

Effects of Heat, Measurement of Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat.

Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye.

Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.

Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays.

General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses

Part B: Section B – Chemistry

Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water.

Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon— different forms. Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial. Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder. Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency

Part B: Section C – General Science

Difference between the living and non-living. Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasm and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals. Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.

Food—Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet. The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists

Part B: Section D – Freedom Movement etc.

A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilization. Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world

Part B: Section E – Current Events

The Earth, its shape and size. Latitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects. Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering— Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anti- cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate, Major Natural regions of the World. Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities. Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India

Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years. Current important world events. Prominent personalities— both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports